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The Birth of E-governance

The deployment of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to improve the delivering of government services and to expand the opportunity for economic development is no longer a myth, it is now a norm. This Concept is often referred to as E-government for the people. Sparked by the invention of the internet in the 1960’s for defense purposes by the United States Department of Defense. The rapid growth of household computers, the exponential usage of the internet in the 1990s and the development of E-commerce within the private sector pressured public infrastructures to begin serving its citizens electronically. An initiative referred to as E-governance.

The adoption of E-governance for the most part transformed the philosophy and the organization of government, modifying socioeconomic and organizational barriers. This paradigm shift from traditional public administration by government officials was primarily internal and managerial in order to improve operating efficiency and enhance internal communication. E-governance brings forth internal and external long term benefits. Internally, amongst other things it consists of pay-roll and time keeping functions, Supply ordering and administration benefits such as lower response times on demands by citizens, customers or agencies.